Trucks are large vehicles that were invented in the last decade of the 19th century. They are used mainly for the transport of goods and materials. The word ‘truck’ has its origin in the Greek word ‘Trochos’, which means ‘Wheels’. These are classified into three based on the gross vehicle weight rating of the vehicle. They are:
Heavy Duty Trucks: Heavy duty trucks are those that can haul the heaviest loads ranging from 19,000 pounds to 33,000 pounds. They are built heavy and strong to transport heavy goods and materials from plants or factories to desired locations. Since these come with so many features, they are quite difficult to manufacture. Therefore, only a few companies make heavy trucks. Some of the prominent names in the market are International Trucks, Ford, GMC, Kenworth, etc. They design and manufacture class 6, 7 and 8 trucks. Some of the most popular are ballast tractor, chipper, beverage, baler, semi trailer, etc.
Medium Duty Trucks: Medium duty trucks are the trucks that are the most widely used and popular means of transportation. They are classified as Class 3, 4 and 5 trucks and can carry a minimum load of 10,000 pounds up to the maximum of 19,500 pounds. They are the most demanding trucks on the market for the transport of raw materials and industrial products. The most popular types of medium-duty trucks are box, flatbed, delivery, garbage, lift, hook, and pickup trucks. Ford, GMC, International Trucks, Mack, Chevy, and Kenworth Trucks are some of the leading manufacturers of this type of truck.
Light Trucks: These trucks are classified as such due to their lighter hauling capacity. They come under the category of class 8 and can carry loads that weigh 10,000 pounds. These trucks have better travel capabilities and are primarily used by freight forwarders to move raw materials to remote locations. The main manufacturers of this type of truck are Titan, Toyota, Nissan, GMC and Ford. They have released popular models such as the Tacoma, Sonoma, Titan, and F250. The other models that fall into this category are tow trucks, pickup trucks, SUVs, salvage, flatbed, tipper, etc.